A heat stroke occurs when the body absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. It may be life-threatening if not promptly treated. Warning symptoms may include headaches, fatigue, nausea, muscle cramps, rapid pulse, and shallow breathing. In some serious cases, the victim may also faint and become unconscious.
Prevent it by: Avoiding heavy physical activity in hot and humid weather, keeping yourself hydrated, and steering clear of alcohol and caffeinated drinks which can lead to dehydration.
Treat it by: Moving to a shady area, drinking cold water, and applying cold compress to the head and upper body. You can also take paracetamol or ibuprofen to help bring your temperature down.
Commonly known as bungang araw, this is an itchy red rash that causes a burning sensation. It happens when dead skin cells and bacteria get trapped in the sweat glands. People who are overweight or sweat easily are more likely to develop this condition.
Prevent it by: Wearing loose, cotton-based clothing.
Treat it by: applying calamine lotion, hydrocortisone, or antihistamine cream to help soothe the itching.
Chicken pox is a highly infectious disease transferred from one person to another through contact with chicken pox blisters or tiny air droplets from coughing, talking, and sneezing. Blisters usually appear first on the chest and face then later spread over the entire body. It usually lasts for a week or two.
Prevent it by: Getting the chicken pox vaccine from your doctor.
Treat it by: Applying calamine lotion which helps relieve itching, and taking paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce the fever. Antiviral drugs are usually prescribed to people with weakened immune systems.
Commonly caused by mosquitoes, ants, fleas, and spiders, an insect bite may cause an allergic reaction in the victim. It may be itchy, swollen, and very painful.
Prevent it by: Using insect repellent lotion. Remember to keep covered the parts of your body that are susceptible to insect bites.
Treat it by: Using hydrocortisone cream or applying a cold compress to the infected area.
Conjunctivitis is a condition where the whites of the eyes get red and sore. It may be triggered by an allergic reaction, a virus, bacteria, or a foreign body.
Prevent it by: Washing your hands regularly. Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes, as well as sharing towels, eye drops, pillows and eye makeup.
Treat it by: Using antibiotic eye drops or ointments prescribed by your doctor. Cold or warm compress may help soothe the eyes.