How Are ECQ, Lockdown, And Partial Lockdown Different From Each Other?
Semantics surrounding quarantine has caused a lot of confusion among the public. First, the government declared a lockdown on March 15, but wanted media to use the term “community quarantine.” A few days later, it changed the rules and ordered a stricter “enhanced community quarantine” or ECQ. The government decided to extend this ECQ until April 30. If the government extends this quarantine further and implements stricter rules on people’s movements, it will be called “extensive enhanced community quarantine” or EECQ.
The word quarantine comes from the Venetian word quarantena, meaning 40 days. In the Middle Ages, it was used to refer to the 40-day isolation of ships docking at the ports of Venice. At the time, Europe was being decimated by the Black Plague, and the ships’ isolation was meant to prevent the spread of disease in Venice. It proved to be a successful solution to containing outbreaks, and it is still used to this day to prevent the spread of diseases.
To quarantine someone means to put that person in isolation for a number of days until it can be determined that he is free of disease. The quarantine period for a person suspected of having COVID-19 is 14 days.
What is community quarantine and enhanced community quarantine?
Community quarantine is the isolation of a population within a community (e.g., a city, a region, or an entire country) to prevent the spread of disease.
Under the community quarantine, people were ordered to limit their movement and refrain from going out of their homes unless buying essential items such as food, water, and medicine. A curfew from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. was also put in place.
Shortly after the imposition of the community quarantine in Metro Manila, the government decided it was not effective enough because people had not been observing proper physical distancing and curfew, so it replaced it with the enhanced community quarantine.
Under the enhanced community quarantine or ECQ, people are ordered to stay at home and not travel to other cities or barangays. The same curfew remains in place. People were also given home quarantine passes, which they can use to go out during the non-curfew hours to buy essential items.
In some cities like Paranaque, a coding scheme based on the quarantine pass number is being implemented to limit the number of people going out and forming crowds at the markets.
Much of the rules concerning the ECQ are provided in the Bayanihan to Heal as One Act. For most people, the following are the most relevant parts of the law.
- Limited operation of all forms of transportation
- Suspension of work or creation of alternative working arrangements (work from home)
- Ensuring the availability of food and medicine for all
- Enforcing measures against profiteering and hoarding of essential goods
- Implementation of a 30-day grace periodÂfor the payment of loans and rents during the period of quarantine
Cars are prohibited at checkpoints on national highways.
Many people did not seem to understand the scope and limitations of the ECQ. For example, the quarantine pass issued by the barangay to a household is only valid in that issuing barangay. You can be arrested for going out and crossing multiple barangays or cities just to do your grocery shopping.
Further, the quarantine pass is only valid during the non-curfew hours.
On April 15, the PNP’s Highway Patrol Group implemented vehicle inspections on national highways including EDSA, where hundreds of motorists were apprehended for violating the lockdown.
What is a lockdown and why does the government want to call it community quarantine?
A lockdown is the restriction of people’s movement within a community. A lockdown can be implemented for various reasons, such as to quell rebellions, uprisings, or civil disobedience. In the current situation, we are technically on a lockdown called community quarantine.
A community quarantine is a type of lockdown designed to contain an outbreak. Initially, various media organizations in the Philippines referred to the community quarantine as a lockdown, but the government urged them to use community quarantine instead, because it is the medical term for the restriction of movement to contain outbreaks.
What is a partial lockdown?
A “partial lockdown” could remain in effect once the enhanced community quarantine in the Philippines ends on April 30. But what exactly is a partial lockdown and how will it work?
It is still not clear what a partial lockdown would be, but according to former socioeconomic planning secretary Ernesto Pernia, it will be a localized version of the current ECQ.
“I guess there will be some lockdown and probably it will be more localized, not like now which is the whole of Luzon, and some loosening up in some areas, that have low risk of COVID-19 contagion will be opened up, will be unquarantined,” Pernia told BusinessWorld on April 17. He has since resigned.
Businesses across Metro Manila have been requesting for a partial resumption of operations since the implementation of the Luzon-wide lockdown in March.
Among the hardest-hit sectors during the ECQ are the transportation, tourism, and retail industries.
One way that partial lockdown could work is by implementing mass rapid testing for COVID-19 so the government can also enforce a targeted quarantine for individuals and communities infected with the virus, while allowing certain sectors to continue operations.
For the latest news and updates on COVID-19, check out reportr.world/covid-19.
This story originally appeared on Esquiremag.ph.
* Minor edits have been made by the Candymag.com editors.
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The most thrilling and delightful moment of any school day is opening up your baon during breaks. There is always so much excitement in unveiling your homemade meal and snacks housed inside matching heat-insulating containers. Because preparing packed meals is an age-old tradition of showing parental love, loved ones pour effort into curating a nutritious meal accompanied by a selection of side dishes, desserts, and beverages daily; it reminds us that we are being taken care of, even from far away.
Baon plays a significant role in a Filipino childhood. Almost every Filipino child comes to school with baon made especially for them by their parents or household helpers. Even Filipinos in the labor force continue to bring baon for varying reasons: to save money, recycle leftovers, cater to personal taste, or attend to special needs. Nonetheless, eating your baon is a heart-warming experience that allows Filipinos to bring a piece of home along with them wherever they go.
Even other cultures practice making packed lunch. In Japan, mothers create bento--Japanese meals in partitioned boxes. Because of the popularity of bento, trends have emerged, such as the Kyaraben, or character-themed bento. Naturally, Japanese parents and students began competing for who had the cutest and tastiest bento, and this is similar to what I have witnessed in my own childhood. I remember seeing my classmates sharing their snacks and lunches. They would compare and boast about their parents' or yayas’ cooking. In my case, I never had the chance to join in the competition or indulge in homemade cooking. Up until this day, I have never brought any baon to school.
For a long time, I envied others. As trivial or petty as it may seem, not having baon became a problem for my grade school self. During that time, I had to sit in a separate cafeteria away from my friends because the kids who bought food were assigned to sit elsewhere. You could consider me spoiled, but I wanted to experience something most kids did. I had food at home, so what made it so hard to bring some with me to school?
Now that I am on my final year in high school I have come to realize the benefits of purchasing my own food. Since I spent on food everyday, I learned to budget my allowance at a young age. Over the years, I learned to practice self-control whenever I wanted to eat more greasy fries and drink sweetened beverages. I have tasted the strangest viands at the school cafeterias, and I have repeatedly satiated myself over my latest delicious discoveries. Despite the struggles, I am thankful that I have never had baon because of what I have learned. Not to mention, I never had to experience eating cold food.
Literally to begin with, I am writing with little shaky hands because this is the last time I went for a vacation like most of us must have and can’t plan any for now. The coronavirus outbreak has compelled us to stay at home for our safety and others in the vicinity.
I remember how I penned down my year 2020 to be the most remarkable year of my life in the hope of doing everything I desired for a long time and overcoming few obstacles. Whilst planning things ahead, I forgot to truly value all of things in the present.
I remember being chipper and grateful for my last summer vacation but now I feel I should’ve valued each and every moment. Considering the current gnarly situation, I want each one us to motivate ourselves to look for a positive side and to make the most of our time no matter the situation.
Make a promise to yourself that you won’t give up in these circumstances and reckon that there are a lot of good things for us in the store. We’ll have the most amazing season of our life post pandemic. Let’s accept for the change and become the change. Propagate love and only love.
Danielle Flestado @artdkf.ph | June 19, 2020
"While I was reading my devotional book yesterday, this part hit me: rejoicing together is more difficult to do than grieving with each other. And so, I thought of reminding myself that I should be happy for the success of others. After all, we are part of one family and every one of us is striving to accomplish our own goals in this world. Let us be happy for each other."
Choosing between dreams and practicality is never easy. My CETs season just ended with the release of the UPCAT results. Anxious as I logged on the website, I started to think about what would happen if I didn't pass UP. Ever since I was six years old, I fixated on the idea that I will become an iska, serving the country and studying at my dream school, which is UP. I strived and studied hard for the UPCAT, sacrificing a lot of things like hang-outs and gala weekends for reviews.
Throughout my CETs journey, I started seeing myself studying only in UP, and while there were no results yet, my friends and I already started planning our lives around the fact that we're gonna study in UP. It was a big deal for me, my friends and my family that I get the chance to study in UP since it's so far from my hometown which is Benguet, and better yet, it's a very well known university.
January 2020 came and universities started releasing CETs results. I was expecting my DCAT and ACET results that month. I passed DCAT but brushed it off because even though I liked the school, I never really saw myself studying there. Same thoughts with Ateneo, since it never really crossed my mind that I might study in ADMU. In fact, Ateneo was never really a choice for me, I only took it just to have another choice in case I failed the UPCAT. I also applied for financial aid not because I was really planning on studying there, but more of "para lang sure na may college ako". I know it's a bad thing but they were just my back-up schools because my main goal was really UP.
One Friday afternoon, ACET results came out. I passed, managed to get a scholarship, and in that moment, my plans just started to crumble.
Seeing that I got a 100% tuition and fees discount, free dorm fees, and an additional book allowance got me into considering studying to Ateneo. Suddenly, I got torn between UP, my dream school, and Ateneo, which offers so much more.
As the months passed, and after talking to my parents, my plans and decisions got more jumbled and messy. I still wanted to go to UP even if there were no results yet but Ateneo offering so much would mean a lesser burden to my parents in terms of finances.
Even though my parents told me that they'll support me no matter where I choose to go, the practicality that Ateneo offers in terms of finances was not an easy thing to waive. Sometimes I would laugh at the fact that I'd spend less on a private school than on a state university. Talking to my friends helped somehow, but they also have various opinions about the two universities. I managed to tell myself to hold off the problem until UPCAT results get released, and so I did.
UP released the UPCAT results and seeing that I passed made me scream and cry, literally. At that moment, all I was thinking was that I passed my dream school and I'm officially a QC college student.
My parents were so proud of me even though they got scared because I screamed, but ultimately, they were happy for me. The next day, I sat down, stared at my UPCAT and ACET results, and told myself that I needed to decide. This was the hardest part. I tried deciding using the pros and cons method but it didn't really work. Talking to my parents also didn't help because they'd support me either way, so their judgement was not a factor at all. I also had the same course in both schools so that wasn't a big help. I was 99% close to letting go of my dream university and decide to go to Ateneo.
I weighed options and Ateneo was the cheaper and more practical option. I also started to see myself studying as a blue eagle, roaming around the campus etc. And financially, I didn't need to worry much except for food. At that point, I started to really like the idea of going to Ateneo more than studying in UP. But then, as the weeks went by, the Ateneo Plan started to lose my interest.
I realized that studying in Ateneo would be a great opportunity, but not something that will really make me happy. The finances and all would be so much better but I wouldn't be happy and content, and I felt that Ateneo couldn't give me everything that I wanted and needed. Then a light bulb lit up.
As I was imagining myself at UP, I ultimately felt that happiness and content that I didn't feel with Ateneo. I realized that, if I didn't study in UP, I know later in my life, I would regret it. I would regret not choosing my dream university because I didn't choose what would make me happy.
In short, I chose my dream over practicality. I know that I would be successful in both tracks, but I simply chose my dream because it is where I'm happier and more content. Besides, we can make our dreams practical but not all the time can the practical choice equate to our dreams. So to those having a hard time choosing between dreams and practicality, weigh it out and always remember to put yourself and your happiness first. And of course, choose the choice that you know you'll not regret later on.